Hickory and Pecan trees are both members of the genus Carya, which contains around 18 species of deciduous trees found in North and Central America. They are not identical but very similar. So much so that we group their wood together.
Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) The pecan tree is a large deciduous tree, growing to 66–130 ft in height, (occasionally to 144 ft); taller trees to 160–180 ft have been claimed but not verified. It typically has a spread of 39–75 ft with a trunk up to 6 1/2 ft in diameter.
Historically, the leading pecan-producing state in the U.S. has been Georgia, followed by Texas, New Mexico and Oklahoma; they are also grown in Arizona, South Carolina and Hawaii. Outside the United States, pecans are grown in Australia, Brazil, China, Israel, Mexico, Peru and South Africa.
Pecan is a straight-grained wood, though occasionally it will have an irregular or wavey texture. Heartwood is a reddish brown while its sapwood is white. Although often undervalued, pecan is a fine, attractive wood, its veneers often containing a beautiful mottled figure.
||South-central United States and Mexico
|Average Dried Weight
||Difficult to work, wood tends to dull cutting edges and tearout is common as a result. Glues, stains and finishes well. Responds well to steam bending.
Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis)
Mockernut Hickory (Carya tomentosa)
Nutmeg Hickory (Carya myristiciformis)
Pignut Hickory (Carya glabra)
Shagbark Hickory (Carya ovata)
Shellbark Hickory (Carya laciniosa)
Water Hickory (Carya aquatica)